Carbon Monoxide (CO)*
CO is created when gasoline is not completely burned. High CO ( running rich ).
A list of common causes of CO related smog check failure:
1. Timing is not a big factor in CO production but check it anyway. Everything helps.
2. On older Carbureted vehicles you can have problems like a partially stuck choke plate.This is the moving steel plate on the top of your carburetor.
3. A leaking power valve on your carburetor can cause high CO and Smog Check failure.
4. A faulty carburetor can cause high CO and Smog Check failure.
5. A dirty air filter can cause high CO.
6. A common cause for high CO is a faulty Oxygen Sensor. This sensor tells the computer how to fine tune the air fuel ratio.
7. Other sensors like the M.A.P.sensor , C.T.S. sensor or the Air flow meter can also effect the CO level.
8. A faulty air injection system can cause high CO. This is the Smog pump and related components.
9. A faulty Catalytic Converter can cause high CO and Smog Check failure.
10. If your car has been running rich ( high CO ) you should change your oil after you get it repaired. When you have rich condition all the fuel cannot be burned, you start to saturate the motor oil with CO and HC. This in itself can also cause a rich condition.
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)*
NOx is formed inside the combustion chamber when excessive heat is present.
A list of common causes of NOx related smog check failure:
1. As usual check the timing first. Advanced timing can cause extra NOx.
2. The next thing to check is the EGR system.This system is designed to reduce Nox. It consists of a EGR valve, vacuum hoses, one or more vacuum switching valves or solenoids. Its job is to reroute a small amount of exhaust gas back into the engine to help reduce combustion chamber temperature. Not all vehicles have an EGR system.
3. Next thing to check is the air / fuel ratio. If the vehicle is running to lean, NOx emissions will increase.
4. Some possibilities are a restricted fuel filter, low fuel pressure, vacuum leaks, oxygen sensor, load sensor such as a map sensor, air flow meter.
5. Check the cooling system. An extra increase in water temperature will increase NOx production.
6. A defective catalytic converter can also increase NOx. The Cat. reduces NOx that has already been produced.
7. Check to see that the air coming into the engine is not over heated. Some vehicles have a vacuum controlled air valve which switches the incoming air to hot air from the outside of your exhaust manifold.This should only happen when the engine is cold. If this system malfunctions and sends hot air all the time.Your Nox could go up. This system is called T.A.C. ( Thermostatic air cleaner )
8. There is another system similar to the one above called E.F.E. ( Early fuel evaporation ). This system routes hot air under the intake manifold. This helps keep the fuel in the vapor state. If stuck in the hot mode Nox emissions could increase and cause a Smog Check failure.
Last edited by SpeedInfusion; 04-16-2006 at 12:04 AM.